Agricultural Weather Stations
Definitive Guide in 2019
Climate Smart Agriculture Guide
Climate Smart Agriculture Guide
In recent years, there have been more and more topics for smart agriculture. It seems that this tuyere is coming. In the system of smart agriculture, An agricultural weather station plays an important role.
Today, we will systematically introduce an agricultural weather station to everyone so that you can have a correct understanding of agricultural meteorology, and can easily choose and purchase the proper agricultural weather stations in 2019.
Let’s do this.
Since the life process of agricultural organisms is completed in the external natural environment, it will inevitably be affected by favorable and adverse meteorological conditions.
Even if agricultural production technology reaches a very high level in the future, people will still have to arrange agricultural production based on the control of meteorological conditions.
There are many external natural conditions affecting agricultural production, of which there are mainly：
soil properties (Sand, Loam, Clay Loam), pH.
organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium.
light, heat, water, gas.
elevation, slope aspect, small terrain, body of water.
In meteorological conditions, factors such as light, heat, water, and gas can neither replace each other, but also restrict each other, and its different combinations will have different effects on agricultural production.
Unfavorable combinations will lead to production cuts, favorable combinations will increase agricultural production.
Optimal combinations will make agriculture high production, high quality, and high efficiency.
In fact, the vertical scale of agricultural meteorological systems is not large.
The upper boundary of the system is not more than 30 meters above the ground, and the lower boundary extends deep into the soil from 30 to 50 centimeters or even several meters.
The scope of weather monitoring is concentrated in this area.
In general, temperature, humidity, sunshine, etc. are the main meteorological elements.
However, the effects of wind and vertical airflow on the adults of migratory pests cannot be ignored.
Such as natural disasters, accidents, diseases, and diseases in the production of crops, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishery.
AgWeatherNet is an automated agricultural weather station network operated by Washington State University in the Pacific Northwest. It is the first and the largest agricultural weather network in the United States. Every 5 seconds, over 175 sensors (as of 2018) record air temperature, relative humidity and dew point, soil temperature at 8 inches, rainfall, wind speed, wind direction, insolation and leaf wetness. The data is reported back from each sensor to WSU’s Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center in Prosser, Washington and made available to the public on the Internet. The network can be used to predict and warn of crop hazards such as freezes (especially damaging to Washington fall crops like apples) and hailstorms.
Sensors are located mostly in the irrigated regions of Eastern Washington like the Yakima Valley, but also cover some non-irrigated areas like the Palouse and areas of Western Washington such as the Chehalis River valley. The Oregon Hop Commission funds three sensors in northwest Oregon. Several cranberry farming concerns fund a sensor at Grayland on the Pacific Coast.
The system began in 1988 with the name Public Agricultural Weather System (PAWS).
|Agricultural meteorology is concerned with the interactions between atmospheric/hydrological factors and agriculture, which in its widest sense includes animal husbandry, forestry, and horticulture.|
This volume is an up-to-date handbook and guide to this important field.
|Globally, climate change is exerting an enormous influence on productivity of both natural and cultivated ecosystems. Of the sciences that help us in understanding and adjusting with the nature in relation to agriculture, Agricultural Meteorology is one.||Designed as a textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students of agriculture, it fulfills the need for an uptodate comprehensive information (as per the syllabus framed by ICAR) on the theoretical and applied aspects of agricultural meteorology.|
IBPS AFO Agricultural Metrology Most Important Questions
Agricultural Weather Forecast
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